Задзвінне. Полацк. Фота з сайта fotogoroda.com. Аўтар І. Бай
Zadvinye. Polotsk. Photo from fotogoroda.com. Author I. Bay
Свята-Успенскі кафедральны сабор. Віцебск. Фота з сайта fotogoroda.com
Svyato-Uspenskiy Cathedral. Vitebsk. Photo from fotogoroda.com
Віцебск ноччу. Фота з сайта fotogoroda.com. Аўтар Ю. Цітоў
Vitebsk at night. Photo from fotogoroda.com. Author Y. Titov
Бульвар Шаўчэнкі. Брэст. Фота з сайта fotogoroda.com. Аўтар О. Грыцавец
Shevchenko boulevard. Brest. Photo from fotogoroda.com. Author O. Gritsevets
Замак. Гродна. Фота з сайта fotogoroda.com. Аўтар І. Цыркунович
Castle. Grodno. Photos from fotogoroda.com site. Author I. Tsirkunovich
Рака Іпуць. Гомельская вобласць. Фота з сайта fotogoroda.com
River Iput. Gomel region. Photo from fotogoroda.com
Mogilev region is one of the six regions of modern Belarus. People inhabited these lands in the Stone Age. Already in our era, the Baltic and Slavic tribes settled here, and the cities and settlements which arose here, were part of Kievan Rus, the Principality of Polotsk, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Commonwealth of Poland and the Russian Empire.
The Mogilev region as a part of the BSSR was created in 1938. As a result of the administrative reforms of 1944s and the 1960s, the borders of the region changed several times. It has 21 districts nowadays.
During the Nazi occupation, partisan detachments and partisan zones operated in the region, where Soviet power was restored. The most famous zone is Klichevskaya, with more than 18 thousand partisans. In Mogilev itself, there was an underground organization, the Committee for Assistance to the Red Army. The region suffered an irreparable loss of life during the Great Patriotic War. The restoration of the nation's economy required enormous forces from the inhabitants of the Dnieper region. Only by the end of the fourth five-year plan (1946–1950), the national economy was restored according to the main indicators.
Modern Mogilev region has significant diversified industrial and agricultural potential. The Dnieper region accounts for about 10% of the industrial and about 15% of the country's agricultural production. More than half of all production in the Mogilev region is exported annually.
Leading industrial positions are occupied by the chemical industry, mechanical engineering, light and food industries. The list of the largest enterprises of the Mogilev region is following: Mogilevkhimvolokno, Belshina, Krasny pishevik, Mogoteks, the holding Mogilev dairy company Babushkina krynka, Shagovita shoe factory, Mogilevliftmash, manufacturer of textile products Lenta, Servolux, Bobruiskagromash and Bobruisk Plant of Tractor Parts and Units, Jockey Plastik, woodworking enterprise FanDOK, etc. In recent years, the number of new enterprises in the region is growing, the most significant are Technolit, the Mogilev Polymer Pipe Plant.
The agricultural sector of the economy is developing successfully. More than a million tons of grain crops have been threshed in the region over the past years, large integration units are developing that combines the production of agricultural raw materials, processing and marketing of final products. Positive examples of this form of work are enterprises: Alexandriskoe, Zarya agro-industrial complex, Mogilevkhleboproduct, Kupalovskoe holding. As a result of the adopted State program for the revival and development of the village in the Mogilev region, about 200 agricultural towns were settled.
In 2002, the Mogilev Free Economic Zone was created, where dozens of modern enterprises from Germany, the USA, Russia, Poland, Great Britain and other countries are registered.
The transport infrastructure of the Mogilev region is represented by a wide network of roads, railways, and airways. The Mogilev International Airport, which is located 17 km from the city, provides cargo transportation and passenger charter flights to Egypt, Turkey, and Bulgaria. For transportation of goods, the branches of the Belarusian River Shipping Company are used – the River Port Mogilev on the Dnieper River and the River Port Bobruisk on the Berezina River.
The development of the region is also provided by an extensive network of educational institutions, which includes institutions of pre-school, general secondary, special, additional, vocational, technical and secondary special education for children and youth. There are institutions of higher education in the region: Belarusian State Agricultural Academy (g. Gorki); Belarusian-Russian University; Mogilev State A. Kuleshov University; Mogilev State University of Food Technologies; Mogilev Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus; Mogilev Branch of the Belarusian State Academy of Music, BIP Law Institute Mogilev branch.
The Mogilev region is the largest cultural region of the republic with great tourism potential.
There are more than a thousand tangible immovable objects of the Mogilev region that have the status of historical and cultural value, thirteen objects – the status of spiritual and intangible value in the State List of Historical and Cultural Values of the Republic of Belarus. Architectural pearls are the Town Hall, the Cathedral of the Three Saints, the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary and St. Stanislav in Mogilev, the Potemkin Palace in Krichev, the Fortress from the Patriotic War of 1812 in Bobruisk. One of the most famous tourist sites is the Memorial Complex Buynichskoye Pole, dedicated to the protection of Mogilev during the Great Patriotic War.
Among the natural monuments are the Mogilev Zoological Garden, the Zaozerye Hydrological Reserve of Republican Significance in the Belynichi District, the Dubovsky Cascade of Lakes in the Bobruisk District, unique in aesthetic and natural value, and the Polykovichi Spring in Mogilev. The Chigirinsky reservoir is located in the Bykhov district – a place for rowing, water-motor and other sports, a popular fishing place; There are the springs cascade of Zakharenka, as well as the 300-year-old oak and the 150-160-year-old pines.
Museums are the keepers of the history and culture of the Mogilev region: Mogilev Regional Museum of Local Lore named after E.R. Romanov, Mogilev Regional Arts Museum named after P.V. Maslenikov, Art Museum named after V.K. Bialinitsky-Biruli – a branch of the National Art Museum of the Republic of Belarus, Museum of History of Mogilev.
The Mogilev Regional Drama Theatre, which was established in the 17th century, continues the theatrical traditions of Mogilev and pleases its audience. The program of the Mogilev Regional Puppet Theatre consists of plays for children and adults, created by the works of classics and modern playwrights. There is the Mogilev Regional Theatre of Drama and Comedy named after V.I. Dunin-Marcinkevich in Bobruisk.
The Mogilev Regional Philharmonic brings together highly professional vocalists, instrumentalists, many of whom are laureates and award winners of prestigious international and national competitions and festivals. The Philharmonic annually holds more than a thousand concerts in the concert halls of the region, of the Republic of Belarus and far beyond, holds national and international festivals.
Many bright festivals have become business cards of the region, including the Golden Shlager, the Magutna Bozh spiritual music festival, the International Youth Theatre Forum M.art.contact, the festival of folk art "Wreath of Friendship", children's the Golden Bee Festival, Animated Film Festival Animayevka, Pleinaire on painting The Image of the Motherland in the Visual Arts, etc..
The region's special pride is in its people. More than a hundred natives of the Mogilev region became Heroes of the Soviet Union. Colonel Gusakovsky, Colonel Shutov, Colonel Jakubowski have twice been awarded this high rank. For labor achievements also more than a hundred editorials of production received the title of Hero of Socialist Labor.
Mogilev region has become home to many talented prose writers and poets: Vincent Dunin-Marcinkevich, Olgerd Abukhovich, Maxim Goretzky, Arkady Kuleshov, Ivan Chygrinov, Alexey Pysin.
Glorious pages in the sporting life of the country included athletes – natives of the Mogilev region, who in different years became champions and medalists of the Olympics. Among them are Svetlana Baitova (gymnastics), Alexander Maseykov, brothers Andrey and Alexander Bogdanovich (kayaking and canoeing), Oksana Menkova (athletics), Andrey Rybakov (heavy athletics), Sergey Novikov (biathlon).
Sportsmen are trained in specialized training and sports institutions. There are sports clubs and sports and recreational centers in the region, including the Mogilev Hockey Club, the Bobruisk Hockey Club and the Goretskaya Children and Youth Sports School.
You can find out more about the history, socio-economic and cultural development of the region on the official websites of the Mogilev Regional Executive Committee and the Mogilev City Executive Committee, the website of the Archives of Belarus.
The library network of the region is headed by the Mogilev Regional Library named after V. Lenin, who is rightfully the leader in the creation of local lore resources in Belarus.
References to the local lore resources of libraries
Industry, Agro-Industrial Complex, Transport
Higher Education Institutions
Culture, tourism, sport