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Крест преподобной Евфросинии, игумении Полоцкой. Фото В. Толочко. БЕЛТА
Крыж прападобнай Еўфрасінні, ігуменні Полацкай. Фота В. Талочкі. БЕЛТА
Cross of St. Euphrosyne, Abbess of Polotsk. Photo by V. Tolochko. BELTA
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Коложская церковь. Фото Л. Щеглова. БЕЛТА
Каложская царква. Фота Л. Шчаглова. БЕЛТА
Kolozhskaya church. Photo by L. Scheglov. BELTA
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Купалье в Ракове. Фото О. Манчук. БЕЛТА
Купалле ў Ракаве. Фота О. Манчук. БЕЛТА
Kupal'ye in Rakov. Photo by O. Manchuk. BELTA
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Вручение премии "За духовное возрождение". Фото Н. Петрова. БЕЛТА
Уручэнне прэміі "За духоўнае адраджэнне". Фота Н. Пятрова. БЕЛТА
Presentation of the prize "For spiritual rebirth." Photo by N. Petrov. BELTA

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Мирский замок. Фото В. Толочко. БЕЛТА
Мірскі замак. Фота В. Талочкі. БЕЛТА
Mir Castle. Photo by V. Tolochko. BELTA
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Слуцкие пояса в музее М. Богдановича. Минск. Фото Г. Жинкова. БЕЛТА
Слуцкія паясы ў музеі М. Багдановіча. Мінск. Фота Г. Жинкова. БЕЛТА
Slutsk belts in the museum of M. Bogdanovich. Minsk. Photo by G. Zhinkov. BELTA

Culture and Art

Throughout the centuries-old history the Belarusian nation has created rich and authentic cultural heritage, which became an intеgral part of Slavic and world culture.
Belarusian national culture traces its roots back to the 9th – first half of the 13 centuries, in the midst of the Kievan Rus existence. At this period the material and intellectual culture appeared that became later the basis for Belarusian, Russian and Ukrainian national cultures. It was the main feature of Belarusian culture formation: Slavic tradition of the Krivichs, Dregovichs and Radimichs was closely intertwined with the culture of the Balts and Finno-Ugric peoples who lived here prior to the coming of the Slavs. During this time Belarusians worked their way up from paganism to Christianity, from the absence of writing language to first manuscripts, from primitive architecture to the building of grand temples, palaces and castles, which now form part of the world сultural life. The adoption of Christianity furthered the development of education, fine arts, architecture and literature in  Belarus.

The acquisition of state sovereignty marked the new stage of national culture development. Expansion of genres and forms of culture development, national and cultural revival, return to national historical heritage became the key features.
Cultural life of Belarus is diverse and dynamic. Classical pieces of Belarusian music and drama are performed at concert halls and theaters of the country. Art exhibitions, music, theater and film festivals are held.
Contemporary cultural process in the Republic of Belarus is based on the achievements of previous development stages and implies the improvement of national policy in the sphere of culture through application of new economic and legal arrangements, informational and financial support of cultural institutions and educational establishments in the sphere of culture, creative unions and cultural workers.

In Belarus there are 28  professional theaters, over 50 professional musical and choreographic groups, 160 museums, 2509 libraries, 2640 clubs,  422 music schools, 11 amusement parks, 2 circuses. The state cinema network possesses 87 stationary movie theaters, 148 portable video projectors. 19 colleges and 3 universities are preparing specialists for the cultural sector.

The country has unique schools for composers and performers.  22 concert organizations conduct concert activities.

In Belarus there are 13 creative unions, uniting about 9000 persons. The following state programs were successfully implemented: “Culture of Belarus” for the period of 2011–2015; “Culture of Belarus” for the period of 2016–2020; “Slutsk belts” for the period of 2012–2015 (revival of technologies and traditions of Slutsk belts production and development of national souvenir gifts production); “Belarusians in the world” for the period of 2013–2015 (cooperation with Belarusians living abroad); “Castles of Belarus” for the period of 2012–2018 were successfully implemented. The State program “Culture of Belarus” for the period of 2021–2025 is now realizing. In 2017 the Culture Code of the Republic of Belarus was adopted.

The publishing house "Zvyazda" publishes a weekly literary newspaper founded in 1932 – "Litaratura i mastactva" (in Belarusian).

The editorial and publishing institution "Kultura i mastactva", founded in 2002, publishes the newspaper "Kultura"  and the magazine "Mastactva" in Belarusian.

Useful links

Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Belarus 

State list of historical and cultural values of the Republic of Belarus 

"Kultura", newspaper

"Litaratura i mastactva", newspaper

"Mastactva", magazine

Creative unions

Belorusskij soyuz kompozitorov

Belorusskij soyuz muzy'kal'ny'x deyatelej

Belorusskij soyuz zhurnalistov

Belorusskij soyuz teatral'ny'x deyatelej

Belorusskij soyuz xudozhnikov

Belorusskoe obshhestvennoe ob"edinenie fotografov

Soyuz pisatelej Belarusi

Educational Institutions

Belarusian State Academy of Music

Brestskij gosudarstvenny'j muzy'kal'ny'j kolledzh im. G.Shirmy'

Gimnaziya-kolledzh iskusstv imeni I.O. Axremchika

Gomel'skij gosudarstvenny'j kolledzh iskusstv imeni N.F. Sokolovskogo

Gomel'skij gosudarstvenny'j xudozhestvenny'j kolledzh

Grodnenskij gosudarstvenny'j kolledzh iskusstv

Lidskij gosudarstvenny'j muzy'kal'ny'j kolledzh

Minskij gosudarstvenny'j kolledzh iskusstv

Minskij gosudarstvenny'j xudozhestvenny'j kolledzh imeni A. K. Glebova

Mogilevskij gosudarstvenny'j kolledzh iskusstv

Molodechno State Musical College named after M.K.Oginsky

Mozy'rskij gosudarstvenny'j muzy'kal'ny'j kolledzh

Novopolockij gosudarstvenny'j muzy'kal'ny'j kolledzh

Pinsk State College of Arts

Vitebskij gosudarstvenny'j kolledzh kul'tury' i iskusstv

Vitebskij gosudarstvenny'j muzy'kal'ny'j kolledzh  im. I.I.Sollertinskogo