Крыж прападобнай Еўфрасінні, ігуменні Полацкай. Фота В. Талочкі. БЕЛТА
Cross of St. Euphrosyne, Abbess of Polotsk. Photo by V. Tolochko. BELTA
Каложская царква. Фота Л. Шчаглова. БЕЛТА
Kolozhskaya church. Photo by L. Scheglov. BELTA
Купалле ў Ракаве. Фота О. Манчук. БЕЛТА
Kupal'ye in Rakov. Photo by O. Manchuk. BELTA
Уручэнне прэміі "За духоўнае адраджэнне". Фота Н. Пятрова. БЕЛТА
Presentation of the prize "For spiritual rebirth." Photo by N. Petrov. BELTA
Мірскі замак. Фота В. Талочкі. БЕЛТА
Mir Castle. Photo by V. Tolochko. BELTA
Слуцкія паясы ў музеі М. Багдановіча. Мінск. Фота Г. Жинкова. БЕЛТА
Slutsk belts in the museum of M. Bogdanovich. Minsk. Photo by G. Zhinkov. BELTA
Culture and Art
Throughout the centuries-old history the Belarusian nation has created rich and authentic cultural heritage, which became an intеgral part of Slavic and world culture.
Belarusian national culture traces its roots back to the 9th – first half of the 13 centuries, in the midst of the Kievan Rus existence. At this period the material and intellectual culture appeared that became later the basis for Belarusian, Russian and Ukrainian national cultures. It was the main feature of Belarusian culture formation: Slavic tradition of the Krivichs, Dregovichs and Radimichs was closely intertwined with the culture of the Balts and Finno-Ugric peoples who lived here prior to the coming of the Slavs. During this time Belarusians worked their way up from paganism to Christianity, from the absence of writing language to first manuscripts, from primitive architecture to the building of grand temples, palaces and castles, which now form part of the world сultural life. The adoption of Christianity furthered the development of education, fine arts, architecture and literature in Belarus.
The acquisition of state sovereignty marked the new stage of national culture development. Expansion of genres and forms of culture development, national and cultural revival, return to national historical heritage became the key features.
Cultural life of Belarus is diverse and dynamic. Classical pieces of Belarusian music and drama are performed at concert halls and theaters of the country. Art exhibitions, music, theater and film festivals are held.
Contemporary cultural process in the Republic of Belarus is based on the achievements of previous development stages and implies the improvement of national policy in the sphere of culture through application of new economic and legal arrangements, informational and financial support of cultural institutions and educational establishments in the sphere of culture, creative unions and cultural workers.
In Belarus there are 28 professional theaters, over 50 professional musical and choreographic groups, 160 museums, 2509 libraries, 2640 clubs, 422 music schools, 11 amusement parks, 2 circuses. The state cinema network possesses 87 stationary movie theaters, 148 portable video projectors. 19 colleges and 3 universities are preparing specialists for the cultural sector.
The country has unique schools for composers and performers. 22 concert organizations conduct concert activities.
In Belarus there are 13 creative unions, uniting about 9000 persons. The following state programs were successfully implemented: “Culture of Belarus” for the period of 2011–2015; “Culture of Belarus” for the period of 2016–2020; “Slutsk belts” for the period of 2012–2015 (revival of technologies and traditions of Slutsk belts production and development of national souvenir gifts production); “Belarusians in the world” for the period of 2013–2015 (cooperation with Belarusians living abroad); “Castles of Belarus” for the period of 2012–2018 were successfully implemented. In 2017 the Culture Code of the Republic of Belarus was adopted. The State program “Culture of Belarus” for the period of 2021–2025 is now realizing. According to the Program, work continues on the formation of digital cultural content, the creation of electronic catalogs of historical, cultural and natural monuments of the Republic of Belarus, the digitization of the museum and library collections, the cinema fund and objects of intangible cultural heritage.
The cultural and artistic life of the country is covered on the pages of periodicals: the newspapers "Litaratura i Mastatstva" (published in Belarusian since 1932) and "Culture" (also published in Belarusian since 1991); magazine "Mastatsva" (from 1983 to 1991 it was published under the title "Mastatstva of Belarus", in the Belarusian language). The founder of the newspaper "Culture" and the magazine "Mastatstva" is the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Belarus.
Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Belarus
State list of historical and cultural values of the Republic of Belarus
"Litaratura i mastactva", newspaper
Belorusskij soyuz muzy'kal'ny'x deyatelej Belorusskij soyuz teatral'ny'x deyatelej
Belarusian State Academy of Music
Brestskij gosudarstvenny'j muzy'kal'ny'j kolledzh im. G.Shirmy'
Gimnaziya-kolledzh iskusstv imeni I.O. Axremchika
Gomel'skij gosudarstvenny'j kolledzh iskusstv imeni N.F. Sokolovskogo
Gomel'skij gosudarstvenny'j xudozhestvenny'j kolledzh
Grodnenskij gosudarstvenny'j kolledzh iskusstv
Lidskij gosudarstvenny'j muzy'kal'ny'j kolledzh
Minskij gosudarstvenny'j kolledzh iskusstv
Minskij gosudarstvenny'j xudozhestvenny'j kolledzh imeni A. K. Glebova
Mogilevskij gosudarstvenny'j kolledzh iskusstv
Molodechno State Musical College named after M.K.Oginsky
Mozy'rskij gosudarstvenny'j muzy'kal'ny'j kolledzh
Novopolockij gosudarstvenny'j muzy'kal'ny'j kolledzh
Pinsk State College of Arts
Vitebskij gosudarstvenny'j kolledzh kul'tury' i iskusstv
Vitebskij gosudarstvenny'j muzy'kal'ny'j kolledzh im. I.I.Sollertinskogo